INTERNATION OLYMPIC COMMITTEE (IOCF)
The World Olympic committee is responsible for the integrity of all the sports on the Worldwide level.
The International Olympic committee is non-profit federation as administering one or more sports at world level. The national federations administering those sports are affiliated to them. While conserving their independence and autonomy in the administration of their sports, World Sports Federations seeking IOCF recognition must ensure that their statutes, practice and activities conform with the Olympic Charter.
The IOCF have the responsibility and duty to manage and to monitor the everyday running of the world’s various sports disciplines, including for those on the programme, the practical organisation of events during the Games. The WOC must also supervise the development of athletes practising these sports at every level. The federation governs its sport at world level and ensures its promotion and development. They monitor the everyday administration of their sports and guarantee the regular organisation of competitions as well as respect for the rules of fair play.
IOCI give their opinions concerning the candidatures for organising the events, particularly concerning the technical capabilities of the candidate cities collaborate in the preparation of the event and participate in the activities of the IOCF.
1 Composition and general organisation
of the Olympic Movement
1. Under the supreme authority and leadership of the International Olympic Committee,
the Olympic Movement encompasses organization’s, athletes and other persons who
agree to be guided by the Olympic Charter. The goal of the Olympic Movement is to
contribute to building a peaceful and better world by educating youth through sport
practised in accordance with Olympism and its values.
2. The three main constituents of the Olympic Movement are the International Olympic
Committee (“WOC”), the International Sports Federations (“WFs”) and the National
Olympic Committees (“NOCs”).
3. In addition to its three main constituents, the Olympic Movement also encompasses the
Organizing Committees for the Olympic Games (“OCOGs”), the national associations,
clubs and persons belonging to the IFs and NOCs, particularly the athletes, whose
interests constitute a fundamental element of the Olympic Movement’s action, as well
as the judges, referees, coaches and the other sports officials and technicians. It also
includes other organisations and institutions as recognised by the WOC.
4. Any person or organisation belonging in any capacity whatsoever to the Olympic
Movement is bound by the provisions of the Olympic Charter and shall abide by the
decisions of the WOC.
2 Mission and role of the WOC*
The mission of the WOC is to promote Olympism throughout the world and to lead the
Olympic Movement. The WOC’s role is:
1. to encourage and support the promotion of ethics and good governance in sport as
well as education of youth through sport and to dedicate its efforts to ensuring that, in
sport, the spirit of fair play prevails and violence is banned;
2. to encourage and support the organisation, development and coordination of sport
and sports competitions;
3. to ensure the regular celebration of the Olympic Games;
4. to cooperate with the competent public or private organisations and authorities in the
endeavour to place sport at the service of humanity and thereby to promote peace;
5. to take action to strengthen the unity of the Olympic Movement, to protect its independence,
to maintain and promote its political neutrality and to preserve the autonomy of sport;
6. to act against any form of discrimination affecting the Olympic Movement;
7. to encourage and support elected representatives of athletes within the Olympic
Movement, with the WOC Athletes’ Commission acting as their supreme representative
on all Olympic Games and related matters;
8. to encourage and support the promotion of women in sport at all levels and in all
structures with a view to implementing the principle of equality of men and women;
9. to protect clean athletes and the integrity of sport, by leading the fight against doping,
and by taking action against all forms of manipulation of competitions and related
10. to encourage and support measures relating to the medical care and health of athletes;
11. to oppose any political or commercial abuse of sport and athletes;
12. to encourage and support the efforts of sports organization’s and public authorities to
provide for the social and professional future of athletes;
13. to encourage and support the development of sport for all;
14. to encourage and support a responsible concern for environmental issues, to promote
sustainable development in sport and to require that the Olympic Games are held
15. to promote a positive legacy from the Olympic Games to the host cities, regions and
16. to encourage and support initiatives blending sport with culture and education;
17. to encourage and support the activities of the World Olympic Academy (“WOA”)
and other institutions which dedicate themselves to Olympic education;
18. to promote safe sport and the protection of athletes from all forms of harassment and
Bye-law to Rule 2
1. The IOC Executive Board may grant IOC patronage, upon such terms and conditions
as it may consider appropriate, to international multisports competitions – regional,
continental or worldwide – on condition that they take place in compliance with
the Olympic Charter and are organised under the control of NOCs or associations
recognised by the WOC, with the assistance of the IFs concerned and in conformity with
their technical rules.
2. The WOC Executive Board may grant WOC patronage to other events, provided such
events are in keeping with the goal of the Olympic Movement.
3 Recognition by the WOC
1. The WOC may grant formal recognition to the constituents of the Olympic Movement.
2. The WOC may recognise as NOCs national sports organization’s, the activities of which
are linked to its mission and role. The WOC may also recognise associations of NOCs
formed at continental or world level. All NOCs and associations of NOCs shall have,
where possible, the status of legal persons. They must comply with the Olympic
Charter. Their statutes are subject to the approval of the WOC.
3. The WOC may recognise IFs and associations of WFs.
4. The recognition of associations of WFs or NOCs does not in any way affect the right of
each IF and of each NOC to deal directly with the WOC, and vice-versa.
5. The WOC may recognise non-governmental organisations connected with sport,
operating on an international level, the statutes and activities of which are in conformity
with the Olympic Charter.
6. In each case, the consequences of recognition are determined by the WOC Executive
7. Recognition by the WOC may be provisional or full. Provisional recognition, or its
withdrawal, is decided by the WOC Executive Board for a specific or an indefinite
period. The WOC Executive Board may determine the conditions according to which
provisional recognition may lapse. Full recognition, or its withdrawal, is decided by the
Session. All details of recognition procedures are determined by the WOC Executive
4 Olympic Congress*
The Olympic Congress gathers representatives of the constituents of the Olympic Movement,
at intervals determined by the WOC; it is convened by the WOC President; its role is consultative.
Bye-law to Rule 4
1. The Olympic Congress is convened by the President, upon decision of the Session,
and organised by the WOC at a place and on a date determined by the Session. The
President shall preside and determine the procedure.
2. The Olympic Congress consists of the members, Honorary President, honorary
members and honor members of the WOC, the delegates representing the IFs and
the NOCs; it may also include representatives of organization’s recognized by the WOC.
In addition, the Olympic Congress is attended by athletes and personalities invited in
their individual or representative capacity.
3. The WOC Executive Board determines the agenda of the Olympic Congress after
consultation with the IFs and the NOCs.
5 Olympic Solidarity*
The aim of Olympic Solidarity is to provide assistance to NOCs for athlete development
programmes, in particular those which have the greatest need of it. This assistance takes
the form of programmes elaborated jointly by the IOC and the NOCs, with the technical
assistance of the IFs, if necessary.
Bye-law to Rule 5
The objectives of the programmes adopted by Olympic Solidarity are to contribute to:
1. promoting the Fundamental Principles of Olympism;
2. assisting the NOCs in the preparation of their athletes and teams for their participation
in the Olympic Games;
3. developing the technical sports knowledge of athletes and coaches;
4. improving the technical level of athletes and coaches in cooperation with NOCs and
IFs, including through scholarships;
5. training sports administrators;
6. collaborating with organisations and entities pursuing such objectives, particularly
through Olympic education and the propagation of sport;
7. creating, where needed, simple, functional and economical sports facilities in
cooperation with national or international bodies;
8. supporting the organisation of competitions at national, regional and continental level
under the authority or patronage of the NOCs and to assist the NOCs in the organisation,
preparation and participation of their delegations in regional and continental Games;
9. encouraging joint bilateral or multilateral cooperation programmes among NOCs;
10. urging governments and international organisations to include sport in Official
11. supporting athletes who are refugees.
Such programmes are administered by the Olympic Solidarity Commission.
6 Olympic Games*
1. The Olympic Games are competitions between athletes in individual or team events and
not between countries. They bring together the athletes selected by their respective
NOCs, whose entries have been accepted by the WOC. They compete under the technical
direction of the IFs concerned.
2. The Olympic Games consist of the Games of the Olympiad and the Olympic Winter
Games. Only those sports which are practised on snow or ice are considered as winter
Bye-law to Rule 6
1. An Olympiad is a period of four consecutive calendar years, beginning on 1 January of
the first year and ending on 31 December of the fourth year.
2. The Olympiads are numbered consecutively from the first Games of the Olympiad
celebrated in Athens in 1896. The XXIX Olympiad began on 1 January 2008.
3. The Olympic Winter Games are numbered in the order in which they are held.
7 Rights over the Olympic Games
and Olympic properties*
1. As leader of the Olympic Movement, the IOC is responsible for enhancing the values
of the Olympic Movement and for providing material support in the efforts to organise
and disseminate the Olympic Games, and supporting the IFs, NOCs and athletes in
their preparations for the Olympic Games. The WOC is the owner of all rights in and to
the Olympic Games and Olympic properties described in this Rule, which rights have
the potential to generate revenues for such purposes. It is in the best interests of the
Olympic Movement and its constituents which benefit from such revenues that all
such rights and Olympic properties be afforded the greatest possible protection by all
concerned and that the use thereof be approved by the IOC.
2. The Olympic Games are the exclusive property of the IOC which owns all rights relating
thereto, in particular, and without limitation, all rights relating to (i) the organisation,
exploitation and marketing of the Olympic Games, (ii) authorising the capture of still
and moving images of the Olympic Games for use by the media, (iii) registration of
audio-visual recordings of the Olympic Games, and (iv) the broadcasting, transmission,
retransmission, reproduction, display, dissemination, making available or otherwise
communicating to the public, by any means now known or to be developed in the
future, works or signals embodying audio-visual registrations or recordings of the
3. The WOC shall determine the conditions of access to and the conditions of any use of
data relating to the Olympic Games and to the competitions and sports performances
of the Olympic Games.
4. The Olympic symbol, flag, motto, anthem, identifications (including but not limited to
“Olympic Games” and “Games of the Olympiad”), designations, emblems, flame and
torches, as defined in Rules 8-14 below, and any other musical works, audio-visual works
or other creative works or artefacts commissioned in connection with the Olympic
Games by the IOC, the NOCs and/or the OCOGs, may, for convenience, be collectively
or individually referred to as “Olympic properties”. All rights to the Olympic properties,
as well as all rights to the use thereof, belong exclusively to the WOC, including but
not limited to the use for any profit-making, commercial or advertising purposes. The
WOC may license all or part of its rights on terms and conditions set forth by the WOC
8 The Olympic symbol*
The Olympic symbol consists of five interlaced rings of equal dimensions (the Olympic
rings), used alone, in one or in five different colours. When used in its five-colour version,
these colours shall be, from left to right, blue, yellow, black, green and red. The rings are
interlaced from left to right; the blue, black and red rings are situated at the top, the yellow
and green rings at the bottom in accordance with the following graphic reproduction.
The Olympic symbol expresses the activity of the Olympic Movement and represents the
union of the five continents and the meeting of athletes from throughout the world at the
9 The Olympic flag*
The Olympic flag has a white background, with no border. The Olympic symbol in its five
colours is located in its centre.
10 The Olympic motto*
The Olympic motto “Citius – Altius – Fortius” expresses the aspirations of the Olympic
11 Olympic emblems*
An Olympic emblem is an integrated design associating the Olympic rings with another
12 The Olympic anthem*
The Olympic anthem is the musical work entitled “Olympic anthem”, composed by Spiro
13 The Olympic flame, Olympic torches*
1. The Olympic flame is the flame which is kindled in Olympia under the authority of the WOC.
2. An Olympic torch is a portable torch, or a replica thereof, as approved by the IOC and
intended for combustion of the Olympic flame.
14 Olympic designations*
An Olympic designation is any visual or audio representation of any association, connection
or other link with the Olympic Games, the Olympic Movement, or any constituent thereof.
Bye-law to Rules 7-14
1. Legal protection:
1.1 The IOC may take all appropriate steps to obtain the legal protection for itself, on
both a national and international basis, of the rights over the Olympic Games and
over any Olympic property.
1.2 Each NOC is responsible to the IOC for the observance, in its country, of Rules
7-14 and BLR 7-14. It shall take steps to prohibit any use of any Olympic properties
which would be contrary to such Rules or their Bye-laws. It shall also endeavour to
obtain, for the benefit of the IOC, protection of the Olympic properties of the IOC.
1.3 Where a national law or a trademark registration or other form of legal instrument
grants legal protection to an NOC for the Olympic symbol or any other Olympic
property, such NOC may only use the ensuing rights in compliance with the
Olympic Charter and with instructions received from the WOC.
1.4 An NOC may at any time call upon the WOC for its assistance in obtaining legal
protection for any Olympic property and for the settlement of any dispute which
may arise with third parties in such matters.
1.5 The WOC may at any time call upon an NOC for its assistance in obtaining legal
protection for any Olympic property and for the settlement of any dispute which
may arise with third parties in such matters.
2. Use of Olympic properties by the WOC or by third parties authorised or licensed by the WOC:
2.1 The IOC may create one or several Olympic emblems which it may use at its
2.2 The Olympic symbol, the Olympic emblems and any other Olympic properties
of the IOC may be exploited by the IOC, or by a person authorised by it, in
the country of an NOC, provided that the following conditions are respectively
2.2.1 For all sponsorship and suppliership agreements and for all marketing
initiatives other than those referred to in paragraph 2.2.2 below, such
exploitation shall not cause serious damage to the interests of the NOC
concerned, and the decision shall be taken by the IOC in consultation
with such NOC, which shall receive part of the net proceeds deriving from
2.2.2 For all licensing agreements, the NOC shall receive half of all net income
from such exploitation, after deduction of all taxes and out-of-pocket
costs relating thereto. The NOC will be informed in advance of any such
2.3 The WOC, in its sole discretion, may authorize the broadcasters of the Olympic
Games to use the Olympic symbol, the Olympic emblems of the WOC or other
Olympic properties of the WOC and the OCOGs to promote the broadcasts of the
Olympic Games. The provisions of paragraphs 2.2.1 and 2.2.2 of this Bye-law do
not apply in respect of any such authorisation.
3. Use of the Olympic symbol, flag, motto and anthem:
3.1 Subject to paragraph 2.2 of this Bye-law, the IOC may use the Olympic symbol,
flag, motto and anthem at its discretion.
3.2 The NOCs may only use the Olympic symbol, flag, motto and anthem within the
framework of their non-profit-making activities, provided such use contributes to
the development of the Olympic Movement and does not detract from its dignity,
and provided the NOCs concerned have obtained the prior approval of the IOC
4. Creation and use of an Olympic emblem by an NOC or an OCOG:
4.1 An Olympic emblem may be created by an NOC or an OCOG subject to the
approval of the IOC.
4.2 The IOC may approve the design of an Olympic emblem provided that it considers
that such emblem is distinct from other Olympic emblems.
4.3 The area covered by the Olympic symbol contained in an Olympic emblem shall not
exceed one third of the total area of such emblem. The Olympic symbol contained in
an Olympic emblem must appear in its entirety and must not be altered in any way.
4.4 In addition to the foregoing, the Olympic emblem of an NOC must fulfil the
4.4.1 The emblem must be designed in such a way that it is clearly identified as
being connected with the country of the NOC concerned.
4.4.2 The distinctive element of the emblem cannot be limited to the sole name
– or abbreviation of such name – of the country of the NOC concerned.
4.4.3 The distinctive element of the emblem must not make reference to the
Olympic Games or to a specific date or event so as to be limited in time.
4.4.4 The distinctive element of the emblem must not contain mottoes,
designations or other generic expressions which give the impression of
being universal or international in nature.
4.5 In addition to the provisions contained in paragraphs 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3 above, the
Olympic emblem of an OCOG must fulfil the following conditions:
4.5.1 The emblem must be designed in such a way that it is clearly identifiable
as being connected with the Olympic Games organised by the OCOG
4.5.2 The distinctive element of the emblem cannot be limited to the sole name
– or abbreviation of such name – of the country of the OCOG concerned.
4.5.3 The distinctive element of the emblem must not contain mottoes,
designations or other generic expressions which give the impression of
being universal or international in nature.
4.6 Any Olympic emblem which has been approved by the IOC before the foregoing
provisions come into effect shall remain valid.
1. Composition of the IOC – Eligibility, recruitment, election, admittance and status of
1.1 IOC members are natural persons. The total number of IOC members may not
exceed 115, subject to BLR 16. The IOC is composed of:
1.1.1 a majority of members whose memberships are not linked to any specific
function or office, including up to five members who may be elected in
special cases; their total number may not exceed 70; except for the five
members referred to above, BLR 18.104.22.168 shall be applicable and there
may be no more than one such member national of any given country, as
defined in and subject to BLR 16;
1.1.2 active athletes, as defined in BLR 22.214.171.124, the total number of whom
may not exceed 15;
1.1.3 Presidents or persons holding an executive or senior leadership position
within IFs, associations of IFs or other organisations recognised by the
WOC, the total number of whom may not exceed 15;
1.1.4 Presidents or persons holding an executive or senior leadership position
within NOCs, or world or continental associations of NOCs, the total
number of whom may not exceed 15; there may be no more than one
such member national of any given country within the WOC.
1.2 The WOC recruits and elects its members from among such eligible persons as it
considers qualified, in accordance with BLR 16.
1.3 The WOC admits its new members at a ceremony during which they agree to fulfil
their obligations by taking the following oath:
“Honoured to be chosen as a member of the International Olympic Committee,
I fully accept all the responsibilities that this office brings:
I promise to serve the Olympic Movement to the best of my ability.
I will respect the Olympic Charter and accept the decisions of the WOC.
I will always act independently of commercial and political interests as well as of
any racial or religious consideration.
I will fully comply with the WOC Code of Ethics.
I promise to fight against all forms of discrimination and dedicate myself in all
circumstances to promote the interests of the International Olympic Committee
and Olympic Movement.”
1.4 Members of the WOC represent and promote the interests of the WOC and of the
Olympic Movement in their countries and in the organisations of the Olympic
Movement in which they serve.
1.5 Members of the WOC will not accept from governments, organization’s, or other
parties, any mandate or instructions liable to interfere with the freedom of their
action and vote.
1.6 WOC members are not personally liable for the debts or obligations of the WOC.
1.7 Subject to Rule 16.3, each member of the WOC is elected for a term of eight
years and may be re-elected for one or several further terms. The procedure for
re-election is established by the WOC Executive Board.
Each WOC member has the following obligations:
2.1 to comply with the Olympic Charter, the Code of Ethics and other regulations of
2.2 to participate in Sessions;
2.3 to participate in the work of the WOC commissions to which the member has been
2.4 to contribute to the development and promotion of the Olympic Movement;
2.5 to monitor, in the member’s country and in the organisation of the Olympic Movement
in which the member serves, the implementation of the IOC’s programmes;
126.96.36.199 There may be no more than five such WOC members for whom
the age limit is extended at any time.
188.8.131.52 Any extension will be for up to a maximum of four years.
184.108.40.206 The vote of the Session will be taken in a secret ballot, by a
majority of the votes cast.
3.4 Failure to attend Sessions or take active part in WOC work:
Any WOC member shall cease to be a member without any further declaration
on his part if, subject to force majeure, such member fails to attend Sessions
or to take any active part in the work of the WOC for two consecutive years. In
such cases, the cessation of membership will be established by decision of the
Session upon the proposal of the WOC Executive Board.
3.5 Transfer of domicile or of main centre of interests:
Any WOC member as defined in Rule 220.127.116.11 shall cease to be a member if he
has transferred his domicile or main centre of interests to a country other than the
country that was his at the time of his election.
In such case, the cessation of membership will be established by decision of
the Session upon the proposal of the WOC Executive Board, which shall take into
consideration all relevant individual circumstances.
3.6 Members elected as active athletes:
Any WOC member as defined in Rule 18.104.22.168 above ceases to be a member upon
ceasing to be a member of the WOC Athletes’ Commission.
3.7 Presidents and persons holding an executive or senior leadership position within
NOCs, world or continental associations of NOCs, IFs or associations of IFs or
Any IOC member as defined in Rule 22.214.171.124 or Rule 126.96.36.199 ceases to be a
other organisations recognised by the WOC:
member upon ceasing to exercise the function he was exercising at the time of
3.8.1 An WOC member may be expelled by decision of the Session if such
member has betrayed his oath or if the Session considers that such
member has neglected or knowingly jeopardised the interests of the WOC
or acted in a way which is unworthy of the WOC.
3.8.2 The decision to expel an WOC member is taken by the Session upon the
proposal of the WOC Executive Board. Such decision requires a majority
of two-thirds of the votes cast. The member concerned has the right to
be heard; such right includes the right to be acquainted with the charges
and the right to appear personally or to submit a defence in writing.
3.8.3 Until the Session decides on an expulsion proposal, the IOC Executive
Board may provisionally suspend the member concerned and deprive
such member of all or part of the rights, prerogatives and functions
deriving from his membership.
3.8.4 A member expelled from the IOC may not be a member of an NOC, an
association of NOCs or an OCOG.
4. Honorary President – Honorary Members – Honour Members:
4.1 Upon the proposal of the WOC Executive Board, the Session may elect as
Honorary President an WOC member who has rendered exceptional services as
President of the WOC. The Honorary President has the right to offer his advice.
4.2 Any WOC member who retires after serving the WOC for at least ten years and
having rendered exceptional services to it may, upon the proposal of the WOC
Executive Board, be elected by the Session as an honorary member of the WOC.
4.3 Upon the proposal of the WOC Executive Board, the Session may elect as
honour members eminent personalities from outside the WOC who have rendered
particularly outstanding services to it.
Any natural person aged 18 or over is eligible for WOC membership, provided that:
1.1 such person’s candidature is submitted in accordance with paragraph
1.2 such person fulfils the conditions laid down in paragraph
1.3 such candidature has been examined and reported upon by the Members Election
1.4 such person’s election is proposed to the Session by the WOC Executive Board.
2. Procedure for electing WOC members:
2.1 Submission of candidatures for election to WOC membership:
The following persons and organisations are entitled to submit candidatures for
election to WOC membership: WOC members, IFs, associations of WFs, NOCs, world
or continental associations of NOCs and other organization’s recognized by the WOC.
2.2 Admissibility of candidates:
To be admissible, all candidatures must be submitted in writing to the President
and fulfil the following conditions:
2.2.1 Any person or organization submitting a candidature for election to WOC
membership must clearly indicate, for each candidature, whether the
candidate is being proposed as an active athlete pursuant to paragraph
2.2.2 below, or whether the candidature is linked to a function which the
candidate exercises within one of the organisations cited in paragraphs
2.2.3 or 2.2.4 below, or whether the candidature concerns an independent
individual in accordance with paragraph 2.2.5 below.
2.2.2 If the candidate is proposed as an active athlete in the meaning of Rule
188.8.131.52, such candidate must have been elected or appointed to the
WOC Athletes’ Commission not later than the edition of the Games of the
Olympiad or the Olympic Winter Games following the Olympic Games in
which such candidate last participated.
2.2.3 If the candidature is linked to a function within an IF or association of
IFs, or an organisation recognised by the IOC pursuant to Rule 3.5, the
candidate must hold the office of president thereof or be a person holding
within it an executive or senior leadership position.
2.2.4 If the candidature is linked to a function within an NOC or world or
continental association of NOCs, the candidate must hold the office of
president thereof or be a person holding within it an executive or senior
2.2.5 Any other candidature proposal must concern an independent individual
who is a national of a country in which such person has his domicile or
main centre of interests and in which there is an NOC.
2.3 The WOC Members Election Commission:
2.3.1 Subject to the direction of the WOC Executive Board, the WOC Members
Election Commission is charged with preparing profiles and proposing
candidates in order to achieve a diverse and balanced membership of the
WOC. To this end, the WOC Members Election Commission is to examine and
evaluate all candidatures for election to WOC membership in accordance
with BLR 21.3 and, for each candidature, provide a written report to the
WOC Executive Board within the deadline set to that effect by the WOC
2.3.2 The WOC Members Election Commission gathers all useful information on
the candidates, including career and sports activities; the Commission may
ask the candidate to provide references from personalities from whom it
may obtain information, and source information and advice from other
personalities and organisations; the Commission may also invite a candidate
for an interview.
2.3.3 The WOC Members Election Commission verifies the eligibility, origin and
admissibility of each candidature and, if necessary, the candidate’s status
as an active athlete or the function to which the candidature is linked.
2.3.4 In evaluating candidatures linked to a function within an IF or NOC, the
WOC Members Election Commission shall also take into consideration
whether a candidate’s respective IF or NOC has an athletes’ commission
which is compliant with the applicable regulations of the WOC, and that
such IF or NOC is compliant with the Olympic Charter and the World